bihar board class 8th english note
class – 8
subject – english
lesson 3 – THE RAJA’S DREAM
THE RAJA’S DREAM
( राजा का स्वप्न )
HINDI TRANSLATION OF THE CHAPTER
Raja Krishna Chandra ………….baiting Gopal .
Word meaning : Often ( adv ) [ ऑफेन ] = अक्सर । Courtiers ( n ) [ कोर्टियर्स ] % D दरबारी । Complain ( v ) [ कम्प्लेन ] = शिकायत करना । Hardly ( adv ) [ हार्डली ] = मुश्किल से । Get a person’s back ( idiom ) [ गेट अ पर्सन्स बैक ] = किसी का चुगली करना , उसकी पीठ के पीछे या चुटकी लेना | Utter ( adj ) [ अटर ] = निरा । Idiot ( n ) [ इडिअट ] = मूर्ख । Rankle ( v ) [ रैंकल ] = गुस्सा दिलाना । Uttering ( v ) [ अटरिंग ] = बोलना | Objectionable ( adj ) [ ऑब्जेक्शनेबल ] = अनुचित । Jester ( n ) [ जेस्टर ] = मसखरा । Silly ( m ) [ सिली ] = मूर्ख । Baiting ( v ) [ बेटिंग ] = मजाक उड़ाना ।
अर्थ – राजा कृष्णचन्द्र को उनके दरबारीगण हमेशा ही गोपाल के बारे में शिकायत किया करते थे । दरबारियों की शिकायत थी कि वह जिस किसी को भी कभी भी मूर्ख बनाता रहता था । प्रत्येक व्यक्ति का वह उपहास करता रहता था । राजा के दरबार में उपस्थित प्रत्येक दरबारी भी ऐसा नहीं था कि गोपाल का मजाक उड़ाने की कोशिश न की हो । लेकिन हर बार गोपाल के सामने उसी व्यक्ति को मूर्ख बन जाना पड़ता था जो कि गोपाल को मूर्ख बनाना चाहता था । राजा को दरबारियों ने इस बात के विषय में बता रखा था । राजा को तो स्वयं भी बहुत बुरा लगता था कि बिना किसी प्रकार की भद्दी बात करे भी , गोपाल उसे भी मूर्ख बना दिया करता था । एक दिन , इसी कारण राजा कृष्णचन्द्र ने एक निश्चय किया । उन्होंने ठान ही लिया कि गोपाल को वह अपमानित करेंगे और जब गोपाल स्वयं को अपमानित महसूस करेगा तो वह उसकी उस स्थिति का मजा लेंगे ।
” Ah , Gopal , I have …….. king’s dream .
Word meaning : Strange ( adj ) [ स्टेज ] = विचित्र , अनोखा । Announced ( v ) [ अनाउन्स्ड ] = घोषित किया । As soon as ( phr ) [ एज सून एज ) = ज्योंही । In order to ( phr ) [ इन ऑर्डर दू ] = क्रम से ।
अर्थ– ठीक अगले दिन , जैसे ही गोपाल ने दरबार में अपना कदम रखा कि राजा कृष्णचन्द्र ने जोर से आवाज लगाई ” आह , गोपाल , कल रात को मैंने बड़ा विचित्र सपना देखा । ” दरबार में उपस्थित तमाम दरबारीगण राजा की बात सुनने के लिए विल्कुल ही शांत हो गये ।
” I dreamt Gopal ………… into rotting muck . “
Word meaning : Dreamt ( v ) [ ड्रेस्ट ] = सपना देखा । Pool ( n ) [ पूल ] = तालाब । Horribly ( adv ) [ हॉरीबली ] = भयंकर रूप से | Smelly ( adj [ स्मेली ] = बदबू से भरा हुआ । Dung ( n ) [ डंग ] = गौवर । Rotting ( adj ) [ रॉटिंग ] = सड़ा हुआ , गला हुआ । Muck ( n ) [ मक ] = मल मूत्र ।
अर्थ -” गोपाल , कल रात को मैंने सपने में देखा कि मैं और तुम घूमने के लिए जा रहे हैं । हमलोग एक ऐसी जगह पर पहुँचे जहाँ कि दो तालाब आस – पास ही थे । उनमें से एक तालाब में तो खीर भरा हुआ था जबकि दूसरा जो तालाब था उसमें बदबूदार गोबर भरा हुआ था । हम दोनों उधर ही जा रहे थे । तभी अचानक मेरा पैर फिसला और मैं खीर से भरे तालाब में जा गिरा जबकि तुम जा गिरे उस बदबूदार और दुधित गोबर से लबालब भरे हुए तालाब में । ”
” On hearing this , ……. …… toe in muck .
Word meaning : Hearing ( v ) [ हिअरिंग ] = सुनते हुए । Burst out ( phr ) ( बस्ट आउट ] = फूट पड़े । Laughing ( n ) [ लाफिंग ] = हँसी । Head to toe ( phr ) [ हेड टू टो ] = सिर से पाँव तक ।
अर्थ– राजा की उस बात को सुनने के बाद दरबार में उपस्थित सभी दरबारीगण को हँसी दरबार में गूंजने लगी । वे लोग तो स्पष्टतः इस विचार से ही खूब खुश हो गये कि वह मसखरा गोपाल सिर से पाँव तक मल – मूत्र से भरा हुआ था ।
Gopal stood …….. the same dream .
Word meaning : Unrufmed ( adj ) [ अनस्फल्ड ] = शांतिपूर्वक , बिना परेशान हुए । Humility ( n ) [ यूमिलिटि ] = विनम्रता । Exactly ( adv ) [ एक्जैक्टली ) = बिल्कुल वही । Dream ( n ) [ डीम ] = स्वप्न , सपना ।
अर्थ – बिना परेशान हुए गोपाल शांति से खड़ा रहा । वह सभी दरबारियों को हँसी के शांत होने का इंतजार किया । फिर उसने सभी को आश्चर्य में डाल दिया । उसने राजा से कहा कि उसने भी बिल्कुल वैसा ही सपना देखा था और यह बात उसने बिल्कुल विनम्र होकर कही ।
The king looked …………..happened in mine ? “
Word meaning : Questioningly ( adv ) [ क्वेश्चनिगली ] = प्रश्न से भरकर | Asked ( v ) [ आस्कड = सवाल किया । Mean ( v ) ( मीन ] = अर्थ रखना । Happened ( v ) [ हैप्पेन्ड ] = घटित हुआ ( कोई घटना ) ।
अर्थ – गोपाल की ओर राजा ने अचरज भरी प्रश्नवाचक निगाहों से देखते हुए सवाल किया , ” तो , तुम्हारे कहने का तात्पर्य है कि तुमने भी एक सपना देखा और तुम्हारे सपने में भी ठीक वैसी ही घटनाएँ घटती चली गई जैसा कि मेरे सपने में घटित हुआ था ? ”
‘ ‘ Yes ‘ Maharaj , ” replied …….. …. each other . “
Word meanings : Replied ( v ) [ रिप्लाइड ] = उत्तर दिया । Earlier ( adj ) [ अर्लिअर ] = सबेरे , पहले । Continued ( v ) [ कन्टीन्यूड ] = जारी रहा । Covered ( adj ) [ कवडी = ढंका हुआ । Licking ( v ) ( लिकिंग ] = चाट रहा था ।हँसे ।
अर्थ – गोपाल ने राजा को जवाब दिया , ” हाँ महाराज फर्क सिर्फ इतना ही है कि आपका स्वप्न थोड़ा जल्दी ही पूरा हो गया था । मेरा सपना कुछ और देर तक जारी रहा था । आगे , सपने में मैं क्या देखता हूँ कि हम दोनों अपने – अपने तालाब से बाहर निकल रहे हैं । आप खीर से भरे हुए थे और मैं मल – मूत्र से । तभी मैंने सपने में देखा कि एक – दूसरे को साफ करने के लिए मैं आपको चाट रहा हूँ और आप मुझको चाटते जा रहे हैं ।
” The Courtiers almost . Gopal’s wit .
Word meaning : Almost ( adv ) ( ऑलमोस्ट ] = लगभग , प्रायः | Chocked ( adj ) [ चोक्ड ] = खामोश रह जाना , कण्ठ से एकदम भी आवाज का न निकलना । Unfortunately ( adv ) [ अनफॉरयूनेटली ] = दुर्भाग्य से । Mood ( m ) [ मूड ] = मिजाज | Topull some body’s leg ( idiom ) [ टू पुल समबडीज लेग ] = किसी व्यक्ति का मजाक उड़ाना या खिंचाई करना । wit ( n ) [ विट ] = चतुराई ।
अर्थ – दरबारीगण को तो जैसे गोपाल की बातें सुन काठ मार गया । उनके गले बैठ से गये । किसी के मुँह से एक आवाज भी नहीं निकली । लेकिन जैसा कि सभी लोग चाह रहे थे होना , हुआ नहीं । राजा को क्रोध नहीं आया । उनका मन शांत था । अत : गोपाल द्वारा अपनी खिंचाई करने पर उन्होंने बुरा नहीं माना । उल्टे वह गोपाल की चतुराईपूर्ण कौशल से खुश होकर खूब हँसे।
Many stories are famous about the wit of jester Gopal . This story is one of them . Raja Krishna Chandra had after heard from his courtiers that Gopal had made fool to all of them . The Raja decided to amuse himself by baiting Gopal .
Raja Krishna Chandra said to Gopal that he had a dream . In the dream both of them went for a walk . He fell into a pool of Kheer while he fell into a pool of smelly dung.
All the courtiers laughed hearing to the king . Then , Gopal calmly said that he also had seen the same dream . The king’s dream had finished earlier , while his dream continued . In his dream , he later saw that both of them came out of the pools . Then , in order to clean each other both of them started licking each other . Hearing this , all the courtiers were stunned choked . There was complete silence in the court . But , that day the king was in a good mood . To all the courtier’s surprise , the king laughed at Gopal’s wit .
मसखरे गोपाल के विषय में ढेरों कहानियाँ प्रचलित हैं । प्रस्तुत कहानी भी उन्हीं में से एक है । राजा कृष्णचन्द्र ने दरबारियों से सुन रखा था कि गोपाल ने सभी को कभी न कभी मूर्ख बनाया है । जब कभी उन्होंने गोपाल को मूर्ख बनाने की कोशिश की , उल्टे गोपाल ने ही उन्हें मूर्ख बना दिया । राजा ने एक दिन गोपाल का मजाक उड़ाकर मजा लेने की ठान ली ।
राजा कृष्णचन्द्र ने गोपाल से कहा कि पिछली रात उन्होंने एक सपना देखा । सपने में वे दोनों घूमने निकले । वे गिर पड़े एक खीर के तालाब में और गोपाल गिर पड़ा एक बदबूदार गोबर के तालाब में ।
राजा की बात सुनकर दरबार में उपस्थित सभी दरबारीगण ठठाकर हँस पड़े । तब , गोपाल ने बिल्कुल शांत रहते हुए कहा कि उसने भी ठीक वही सपना देखा था । फर्क यह है कि राजा का सपना जल्दी ही खत्म हो गया जबकि उसका सपना आगे भी चलता रहा । आगे सपने में उसने देखा कि वे दोनों तालाब से निकले तो एक – दूसरे को साफ करने के क्रम में दोनों एक – दूसरे को चाटने लगे ।
यह सुनते ही जैसे कि तमाम दरबारियों को साँप सूंघ गया है । पूरे दरबार में सन्नाटा छा गया । पर , राजा उस दिन अच्छी मिजाज में था । उसने गोपाल की छींटाकशी का बुरा नहीं माना । दरबारी आश्चर्य में पड़ गये जबकि राजा ने गोपाल की चतुराई की खूब तारीफ की ।
Have you ever had a funny strange dream ? Share it with your class mates . Tell them if it had any connect in with reality .
Ans . Yes , sometimes I also see funny strange dreams . But the funny dreams were not connected with reality . They were mere imaginary funny dreams .
B. LET’S COMPREHEND
B.1 . THINK AND TELL
Q. 1. What complaint did the courtiers make to Raja Krishna Chandra ?
Ans . Gopal loved to make everyone a fool , was their complain .
Q. 2. How did Krishna Chandra decide to amuse himself ?
Ans . By making Gopal a fool , to amuse himself .
Q. 3. What did Raja tell Gopal ?
Ans . A story of his dream .
Q. 4. What were the two pools filled with in Raja’s dream ?
Ans . One pool was filled with Kheer , the other with muck .
Q. 5. In which pool did Gopal fall ?
Ans . In the pool of rotten dung .
Q. 6. Whose dream finished earlier ?
Ans . Raja’s dream .
Q. 7. Who was licking whom in Gopal’s dream ?
Ans . Raja and Gopal were licking each other .
B.2 . THINK AND WRITE
B.2.1 . Write ‘ T ‘ for true and ‘ F ‘ for false statement .
1. Gopal was a great fool .
2. Raja actually had a strange dream . 3. Raja fell in the pool filled with milk .
4. The courtiers mocked at Gopal on hearing Raja’s dream .
5. Raja punished the courtiers for laughing at him .
Ans . 1. False , 2. False , 3. True , 4. True , 5. False .
B.2.2 . Answer the following questions briefly :
Q. 1. What did Gopal love doing ?
Ans . Make everyone appear like a fool .
Q. 2. What did the king think on hearing the courtiers complaint ?
Ans . To amuse himself by baiting Gopal .
Q. 3. How did the pool like in which the king fell look like ?
Ans . Pool of kheer .
B.2.3 . Answer the following question in about 70 words .
Q. 1. What happened to the people who tried to get their back at Gopal ?
Ans . The people who tried to get their backs at Gopal were self made fools by the jester Gopal . There was no one in the court who did not try to make Gopal a fool . But , in the end they looked like utter idiots .
Q. 2. What was the king’s dream ? Describe .
Ans . The king said that last night he had a strange dream . In his dream , Gopal and he were going for a walk . Suddenly , they reached to a place having two pools . One pool was filled with Kheer and the other with smelly dung . He him self fell in the kheer made out of rich milk . And Gopal fell into the pool of muck .
Q. 3. What did Gopal say on hearing the king’s dream .
Ans . Gopal calmly said that he also had seen the same dream . The king’s dream had ended earlier , while his dream continued a bit longer . Further in his dream he saw that they both came out of their pools . Then both of them licked each other as to clean each other .
Q. 4. Sketch the character of Gopal , the jester .
Ans . The jester , Gopal was an intelligent man . He was pleased to crack joke on others . He liked very much to get a person’s back . But when the other courtiers tried to do the same , they would find themselves in Gopal’s hand , becoming were idiots . Even the king could not get at his back . Gopal was a person of great wit .
Q. 5. Can you guess the king’s feeling at Gopal’s reply ? What would you do if someone replied you in that manner ?
Ans . The king might have been greatly surprised at Gopal’s reply . He wanted to make Gopal a fool . But , instead Gopal had made him a fool . And in front of all the courtiers . The king might have gone fired with anger . And he could have badly punish Gopal . But as he was that day in good mood . He pardoned Gopal and instead of punishing him , praised him . If someone would have replied to me in that manner . I would become angry on the person . I would cut my relations with him . I would stop talking to him . C. WORD STUDY
C.1 . Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with the words given below : clean , dreamt , longer , courtiers , jester , dung
1. Gopal was a …………… in the Raja’s court .
2. Raja ……………. that Gopal fell into the pool of horribly smelly .
3. On hearing Raja’s dream , the …………… burst out laughing .
4. Gopal had a ……….. dream .
5. Gopal and the king were licking each other in order to ……….. themselves .
Ans . 1. Jester , 2. dreamt , 3. courtiers , 4 longer , 5. clean .
C.2 . Find out from the story the words which are opposites ( antonyms ) of the words given below :
appreciate , hated , never , thin , weep , began , pushed .
Ans . Opposite words ( antonyms ) Appreciate. – Unappreciate Hated – Loved
Never – Always
Thin – Thick
Weep – Laugh
Began – Ended
Pushed – Pulled
C.3 . Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B :
Kheer comic character in a
unfortunately. quality of being humble humility. entertain
relished animal waste
amuse a pudding made of rice ,
sugar and milk
Jester comic character in a
Dung. animal waste
Kheer a pudding of rice ,
Humility. quality of being humble
D.1 . Determiners Look at the following sentence :
The king was in a good mood and did not mind his legs being pulled a little Note the underlined words in the given sentence . Here , the word ‘ the ‘ be fore ‘ king ‘ refers to a particular king , i.e. , Raja Krishna Chandra . Similarly , the word his before ‘ legs ‘ refers to the legs of that very king .
Words like a / an , the , this , that , some etc. are called Determiners and they are used before a noun or a noun phrase to define or limit its meaning . In a noun phrase , only one determiner is permitted . There are many determiners in En glish . Here is a list of some of them :
Articles a , an , the Possessive pronouns : my , his , your , her , their , our , its
Quantifiers : some , many etc. Interrogatives : what , which etc. Distributives : each ,every
Demonstratives : this , that , etc.
D.1.1 . Encircle determiners in the story ” The Raja’s Dream :
Ans . The determiners used in the story The Raja’s Dream ‘ : his courtiers , that Gopal , a fool , the court , The Raja , a single …… , the jester , that you , a place , your dream , his legs .
D.1.2 . Now encircle determiners the following sentences :
1 . I don’t know where I lost my shoes . 2 . I am not free this afternoon .
3 . Can I borrow your English book for a minute ?
4 . When is your birthday ?
5. My father has invited his friends to my birthday party .
6 . This room is bigger than that room . 7. This man who is standing at the gate is my uncle .
8. I’m busy these days .
9. I need some water .
Ans . 1. my , 2. this , 3. your , a , 4. your , 5. My , his , my 6. This , that , 7. The , the , my , 8. these , 9. some .
D.1.3 . Use of each ‘ and ‘ every ‘
Look at the following sentences .
Each boy is intelligent ( individually ) Every boy is intelligent ( all )
We use ‘ each ‘ and ‘ every ‘ before singular countable nouns . We use ‘ each ‘ before a singular countable noun when we talk about two or more people or things separately as individuals . We use ‘ every ‘ when we talk about three or more people or things together as a group ; e.g .
Each boy and girl was given a prize . Each of the girls was allowed to speak for two minutes .
Every boy was present in the class = All boys were present in the class .
D.1.4 . Make two sentences with ” each ” and ” every ” .
Ans . Each : ( i ) Each man is mortal . ( ii ) Each of you will be punished , Every : ( i ) Every person is God’s child . ( ii ) Every student was present in the class ,
D.1.5 . Pick out determiners in the following passage .
A little boy saw pictures of the most criminals at the police station . Point ing at one picture he asked a policeman there , ” Is he really a wanted criminal ? ” ” Yes . ” said the policeman . Looking puzzled , the little boy remarked , ” Then why didn’t you keep him when you took his picture ? ”
Ans . Determiners are underlined in the passage .
A little boy saw pictures of the most wanted criminals at the police station . Pointing at one picture has asked a policeman there , ” Is he really a wanted criminal ? ” ” Yes , ” said the policeman . Looking puzzled , the little boy remarked , ” Then why didn’t you keep him when you took his picture ? ” D.2 . Punctuation Marks
We use a variety of punctuation marks , such as full stop / period , comma , question mark , brackets , etc. in our writing to separate sentences phrases , etc. , and to clarify their meaning .
Apostrophe (‘ )
( i ) An apostrophe is used :
( a ) to form contractions by showing the numbers or letters that have been left out ; e.g. , ’88 = 1988 , I am = I’m , we are = we’re , he will = he’ll , they would = they’d , do not = don’t , I have = I’ve .
( b ) to form the possessive of a noun . Add ‘ s to a single noun or name : uncle’s shop , Ashu’s friend , cat’s tail , Anu’s car .
Add ‘ s to a singular noun that ends in – s : actress’s role ; princess’s friend ; rhinoceros ‘ skin .
Add’s to other plural nouns : children’s toys : women’s shoe ; men’s shirts .
And’s to a person’s office or shop : I’ll buy the medicine at the chemist’s . / I’ll be visiting Anil’s .
Add’s only after the second name : Jack and Jill’s pail , Aslam and Anuj’s school .
( c ) to form the plural of abbreviations : many Dr.’s , many C.M’s , many Ph.D. ( ii ) An apostrophe is placed at the end of the word when the word is plural and ends in s ‘ : student’s bags , books ‘ covers .
( iii ) for the plural of a number or letter : your l’s , your e’s , your 5’s are too big ..
( i ) A colon is used before a list and usually after ‘ as follows ‘ or ‘ following items ‘ etc.
Example : This box contains the following items : bandages , plasters , lotion , medicines and a pair of scissors .
( ii ) It is used to separate the hour from the minutes when telling time . Example : 10:45 A.M. , 10:45 P.M.
( iii ) It is used to introduce quoted material .
Example : The Headmaster of our school often used to tell us this quota tion : ” Writing makes a man perfect .
A semicolon is used :
( i ) to join two sentences , independent clauses or a series of items which are closely connected in meaning .
Example : He gives up smoking ; obviously , he fears contracting one of the smoking – related diseases .
( ii ) to join two complete sentences into a single written sentence when the two sentences are too closely related to be separately by a full stop and there is no connecting word which would require a comma such as ‘ and ‘ or ‘ but ‘ . Example : He had no money ; he felt helpless .
( iii ) to join two independent clauses when the second clause restates the first or when the two clauses are of equal emphasis .
Example : Road construction in Tarauni has hindered travel around vil lage ; streets have become covered with buldozers , trucks , cement , etc.
( iv ) to join two complete sentences into a single written sentence where the second sentence begins with a conjunctive adverb such as ” however ‘ , ‘ never theless ‘ , ‘ accordingly , ‘ consequently ‘ or ‘ instead ‘ .
Example : I wanted to make my speech short ; however , there was so much to cover .
( v ) to separate items in a list when one or more of those items contains a comma.
Example : ‘ The speakers included . Radha Mohan Meena , the Commissioner , Nasiruddin Khan , the Education Officer , and Ajay Chaudhary , the Principal .
Hyphen ( – )
A hyphen is used :
( i ) to join two words or more to form compound words , Example : good – looking , pro – Indian , forty – one , daughter – in – law .
( ii ) It is used for periods of time when you might otherwise use to .
Example : The years 2009-2011 , September – December .
( iii ) to link two connected words . Example : the Patna – Delhi train .
( iv ) to add emphasis or make it dramatic .
Example : He said that he would go – and he did .
Dash ( – )
( i ) A dash is sometimes used instead of a celon or semi – colon .
Example : ” Quick ! Go now – the police are coming for you ”
( ii ) A dash is used in pairs to separate a strong interruption from the rest of the sentence( a strong interruption , as opposed to a weak interruption , is one which forcefully disrupts the flow of the sentence and , as such , it usually con tains a verb rather simply being a phrase ) .
Example : All nations desire economic growth – some even achieve it – but it is easier said than done .
( iv ) When dashes are used in a sentence , commas are not used to separate interrupting phrases Example : She looked at the dresses – a few of them – deciding on the one she should buy . ( NOT : She looked at the dresses , a few of them , – deciding on the one she should buy . )
D.2.1 . Add what you think are appropriate punctuation marks to the sen tences below .
1. Our neighbours dog likes to chew bones .
2. Anshus sister is a doctor in Apollo Hospital .
3. Last week we read The Catbird Seat a short story by James Thurber ,
4. Our three children Anu Anil and Aniket like playing cricket .
5. In three weeks time we have to begin school again .
6. Doesn’t she know that we dont drink coffee . .
7. Its important that the puppy learns to find its way home .
8. She did not hear her childrens cries . 9. My friend’s name has two As .
10. The man whose face was white said that he had spent his two weeks vacation in Sikkim .
11. No the taxi driver said politely I cannot take you to the airport in fifteen minutes .
12. Anwesha is trying hard in school this semester her father said .
13. When did Roosevelt say We have nothing to fear but fear itself .
14. There was only one thing to do study till dawn .
15. The following are the primary colours red blue and yellow .
16. We reached home at 1015 AM .
17. We had a great time in Delhi the kids really enjoyed it .
18. Some people work best in the mornings other do better in the evenings .
19. The girls father sat in a corner .
1. Our neighbour’s dog likes to chew bones .
2. Ashu’s sister is a doctor in Apollo Hospital
3. Last week , we read , ” The Catbird Seat ‘ , a short story by James Thurber .4. Our three children -Anu , Anil and Aniket , like playing cricket .
5. In three weeks ‘ time , we’ll have to begin school again .
6. Doesn’t she know that we don’t drink coffee .
7. It’s important that the puppy learns to find its way home .
8. She did not hear her children’s cries .
9. My friend’s name has two A’s .
10. The man whose face was white , said that he had spent his two weeks vacation in Sikkim .
11. No , said the taxi driver politely , ” I can not take you to the airport in fifteen minutes ?
12. ” Anwsha is trying hard in school this semester ” , her father said .
13. When did Roosevelt say : ” We have nothing to fear but fear itself . ”
14. There was only one thing to do , study till dawn .
15. The following are the primary colours : red , blue and yellow .
16. We reached home at 10:15 A.M.
17. We had a great time Delhi , the kids really enjoyed it .
18. Some people work best in the mornings , others do better in the eve nings .
19. The girl’s father sat in a corner .
E. LET’S TALK
Work in groups and discuss the following :
” It’s not right to mock at others . ”
Amar : Is it right to mock at others ? Ranu : No , it is a bad manner .
Sunil : When we mock at others , they become annoyed . So , it is not right to mock at others .
Prashant : I too agree with you all . To mock at others should be avoided .
Write a paragraph on either of the following topics :
1. Pleasure of having fun at others .
2. There is no life without humour .
Ans . 1. Pleasures of having fun at others : It is real pleasure to have fun with others . To do this a person needs a great sense of humour . But it should be kept in mind that we shouldn’t cross the limit . The person’s prestige or his ego shouldn’t be hurt we are going to have fun at . Once , I sticked a bill on my friend’s back — ” Only for Rs . 100 ” . Wherever the boy went peels of laughter raised . The boy couldn’t understand why all were laughing at him . When he was shown the bill from his back , he was firstly angry , then he too laughed . So , we should be limited while having fun at others .
Q. 1. Write a summary of the lesson and then translate it into Hindi / Urdu .
Ans . See ‘ Summary ‘ and ‘ Y ‘ given before this exercise.
Q.1 . Read some stories related to Birbal’s wit . Select two stories which amuse you the most . Give reasons why you liked them .
Hints : Do this activity yourselves .
Q. 2. Narrate to your class an incident in which one of your neighbours befooled another neighbour .
Ans . In my neighbourhood , Mr. Sharma lives , who is a mastermind of having fun at others . Once , he told to his neighbour Mr. Sen that there’s dung thrown at his back . So , he should immediately go to his room and change his shirt . And , how hurriedly ran Mr. Sen to his room . When he came bhack out of his house , he was fired with Mr. Sharma and we all were laughing at the bad mood and peculiar gesture of Mr. Sen.