8th english

8th english note | THE RECYCLING RAP

THE RECYCLING RAP

image

8th english note

class – 8

subject – english

lesson 17 – THE RECYCLING RAP

THE RECYCLING RAP
( दुबारा उपयोग करने का गीत )
HINDI TRANSLATION OF THE POEM

SabDekho.in

All : Listen to me children …………… the recycling rap.

Word meaning : Planet ( m ) [ प्लैनेट ] = ग्रह । Generation ( n ) [ जेनरेशन ] = पीढ़ी , संतति । Reclamation ( n ) [ रिक्लेमेशन ] = पुराने रूप में फिर से लौटाने की प्रक्रिया , पुनः प्राप्ति । Sitting on the fence ( phr ) [ सीटिंग ऑन द फेन्स ] = तटस्थ बने रहना , कोई प्रतिक्रिया नहीं देना । Pussy footing ( v ) [ पुसी फूटिंग ] = सावधानी बरतते हुए अपने विचार देना । Claptrap ( n ) [ क्लैपट्रैप ] = बेतुकी बातें , बकवास । Dump ( v ) [ डम्प ] = कूड़ा फेंकना या गाड़ना । Tip ( n ) [ टिप ] = कूड़ा फेंकने का स्थान । Bundle ( n ) [ बन्डल ] = गट्ठर । Skip ( n ) [ स्किप ] = कूड़ेदानी । Save – A – Can ( n ) [ सेव – अ – कैन ] = बड़ा कूड़ेदान ।

कविता का अर्थ –
सभी:-
सुना ध्यानपूर्वक मेरी बातों को बच्चो ।
हमें रिसाइक्लिंग कारना है ।
पानी , उपयोग की गयी वस्तुओं का
दुबारा से उपयोग करना है ।
यही रास्ता है भविष्य की पीढ़ी को बचाने का ।
इस खेल का नाम है रिक्लेमेशन ।
यानी वस्तुओं की पुनः प्राप्ति ।
तुम्हें रिसाइक्लिंग करना है ।
इसमें समझ की बात है ।
तटस्थ बने रहना छोड़ दो ।
छोड़ दो ज्यादा सोच – विचार ।
शुरू करो रिसाइक्लिंग का गीत ।

स्वर -1 :
आओ और रिसाइक्लिंग शुरू करो ।
आज से ही यह काम शुरू करो ।
पुराने अखबारों को बचाओ , उन्हें फेंको मत ।
उन्हें कूड़ेदान में ले जाकर मत डाल दो ।
उन्हें गट्ठर बना बाँधकर पुन : उपयोग हेतु
एक ओर को इकट्ठा कर रख दो ।

स्वर 2 :
जमा करो उन्हें , भविष्य को बचाना
तुम्हारे ही हाथ में अब भविष्य है ।
अपने पुराने सारे शीशे के बोतल और
जैम की शीशिओं को भी जमा कर रखो ।
फिर उन्हें ले जाओ बोतल बैंक में ।
जहाँ से वे भेजे जाएँगे कारखाने में ।
वहाँ बनाया जायेगा उन्हें पुनः उपयोग के लायक ।
इस तरह से तुम ऊर्जा को बचाओगे ।

स्वर 3 :
टिन के बने खाली पेय पदार्थ के बरतनों को
लापरवाहीपूर्वक मत फेंको इधर – उधर ।
जो कहा है मैंने उसे याद रखो ।
उनका तुम पुन : उपयोग करो ।
उन्हें धोओ , निचोड़ो और दबाकर उन्हें
चपटा कर दो , एकदम पिचका दो ।
फिर उन्हें ले जाओ , उनके लिए बने ।
खास फेंकने के स्थान पर और डाल दो ।

सभी:
सुनो ध्यानपूर्वक मेरी बातों को बच्चो ।
हमें रिसाइक्लिंग करना है ।
यानी , उपयोग की गई वस्तुओं का
फिर से उपयोग करना है ।
यही रास्ता है भविष्य की पीढ़ी को बचाने का ।
इस खेल का नाम है रिक्लेमेशन ।
यानी वस्तुओं की पुन : प्राप्ति ।
तुम्हें रिसाइक्लिंग करना है ।
इसमें समझ की बात है ।
तटस्थ बने रहना छोड़ दो ।
छोड़ दो ज्यादा सोच – विचार करना ।
शुरू करो रिसाइक्लिंग का गीत ।

Summary :
” The Recycling Rap ‘ ( gari suatu art at tita ) poem is composed by the English Poet John Foster . It is a serious poem . The poem deals with the saving of our environment .
The poet says in the poem that recycling of the things  is  very necessary . By doing this our planet will become less polluted . This is a necessary step to save our future generation .

सारांश
‘ द रिसाइक्लिंग रैप ‘ ( दुबारा उपयोग करने का गीत ) व पिता के कवि हैं , अंग्रेजी भाषा के प्रसिद्ध कवि जॉन फोस्टर । प्रस्तुत कविता एक गंभीर कविता है । प्रस्तुत कविता में पृथ्वी के वातावरण को बचाने की चिंता साफ – साफ अभिलक्षित होती है । कवि प्रस्तुत कविता में कहता है कि हम जिन चीजों का उपयोग करते हैं , उनका दुबारा उपयोग किया जाना या उस लायक बनाना , आज के समय की सख्त जरूरत है । ऐसा करने से ही हमारी धरती कम प्रदूषित हो सकती है । यह हमारी भविष्य की पीढ़ी को बचाने के लिए बेहद जरूरी है ।

EXERCISE

A. WARMER

All of us discard many things as waste . Have you ever thought that many of them can be used again or recycled ?
Q. Think of things that can be recycled . Make a list .
Ans . Glass , can , paper , polythene bag newspaper , bottles etc.
Q. 2. Have you prepared any new thing from discarded things ? Name some of them .
Ans . I have made toys and project work of drawing from some discarded things as – paper clip , hair pin , old toys , old pin , old and torn clothes , colourful threads of rakhi , old calendar etc.
Q. 3. Can you think of more way of reusing what has already been used ?

Ans . We can use cans , bottles and jars as flower pots . Old papers could be used as paper bags too . Think of other ways yourselves , discussing with your friends .

B. LET’S COMPREHEND
B.1 . THINK AND TELL :
B.1.1 . Answer the following questions orally .
Q. 1. What , according to the poet , is the only way to save this planet for future generation ?
Ans . Recycling
Q. 2. Where should the waste materials be stored ?
Ans . In , Save – A – Can .
Q. 3. What should one do with the bottles before putting in the waste box ?
Ans . Save them as not to be broken .

Q. 4. Where should we put glass bottle and jam – jars ?
Ans . Taske them to the bottle bank .

Q. 5. Which household items , according to the poet , can be recycled ?
Ans . Old news papers , old glass bottles and jam jars , and drink can .

B.2 . THINK AND WRITE

B.2.1 . Tick ( the most appropriate option that will complete the following sentences :
1. To save this planet for future generation
a . collect all the used material
b . use things carefully
c . recycle the waste material
2 . Get yourself doing the recycling rap to
a . make money
b . to entertain yourself
c . keep busy with reusing the waste material .

3. Take the waste material to the bottle bank in order to
a . deposit them there
b . earn money
c . recycle them

Ans . 1. ( c ) , 2. ( c ) . 3. ( a ) .

B.2.2 . Answer each of the following questions in about 30 words :
Q. 1. What advice does the poet give to the chileren ?
Ans . The poet advices the children to start recycling . This is the only way by which our earth could be saved for our future generation .
Q. 2. What method does the poet suggest to dispose off the empty drink cans ? List the steps .
Ans . To dispose of the empty drink cans , the poet suggests that after using them wash it , squash it , squeeze it making it flat and thin .

B.2.3 . Answer each of the following questions in about 60 words .
Q. 1. List all the don’ts that the poet has suggested to save for the future generation .
Ans . The don’ts that the poet suggests to save for the future generation are
( i ) Don’t throw away the old newspapers .
( ii ) Don’t just take the old newspapers and dump them on the tip .
( iii ) Don’t chuck away the empty drink cans .
( iv ) No more pussy footing .
( v ) No more claptrap .

Q.2 . What word in the last stanza sums up the advice of the poet to the children for saving the future generation ?
Ans . The words in the last stanza that sums up the advice of the poet to the children for saving the future generation are : ” We’ve got to start recycling . It’s the only way to save this planet for future generation . No more pussy footing . No more cleptrap . Get yourself doing the recycling rap . ”

Q.3 . Why has the poet repeated the first stanza at the end the poem ?
Ans . The poet has repeated the first stanza at the end of the poem to em phasize or underline his prime words . The main list of the poem lies in the first stanza . The poem is a song and chorus repeats at last . So the first stanza is repeated at the end too .

Q. 4. Which line or words are repeated several times in the poem ? What is the significance of this repetition ?
Ans . The words repeated several times in the poem are— ‘ We’ve got to start recycling ‘ . The significance of this repetition is to make the listeners more aware of the process of recycling that we have to do it .

C. WORD STUDY

C.1 . Pick out words from the poem that mean the following :
not taking sides
places / containers where you put your garbage
a container for holding liquids
pressing something with fingers putting down something carelessly

Ans . not taking sides — sitting on the fence places / containers where you put .
your garbage – skip .
a container for holding liquids — Save – A – Can .
pressing something with fingers — squash .
putting down something carelessly – chuk .

C.2 . Find out the dictionary entries for the following words from the poem . Tick the sense in which these words have been used in the poem :
Post  can  rap  skip  tip  .
Ans .
POST–to send a letter –to put something in a garbage container
CAN– be able to do something — a pot
RAP–a sharp bow ,slapping — a song with fast and strong rhythm
SKIP– to jump — a large open container to put the garbage
TIP– End ,secret information — a place where you can leave your garbage




G. GRAMMAR

D.1 . Gerund
In the title of the poem ‘ Recycling Rap ‘ , ‘ recycling ‘ is used as an adjective but as a noun in ‘ We’ve got to start recycling ‘ . In fact , a noun made of a verb + ing a called a Gerund which is a verbal noun .
Read the following uses of gerunds and the explanations given for each use .
Example —————-Explnation
Learning a new language is interesting .– A gerund can be used as the subject of sentence.

In enjoy swimming in the Summer .– A gerund  can be used as the object of a sentence .

I’m excited about flying in a aeroplane.we thank our teachers for teaching us well. — A gerund can be used as the object of a preposition .

Cricket is fun. Dancing is fun  .I enjoyed the songs.I enjoyed singing.– A gerund can be used as a noun.

Anita is afraid of not getting good marks.  not knowing English will makes my life difficult.— to make gerund negative, we put not befor the gerund.

Sabiha  doesn’t spend money eating in expensive restaurants. He had a hard time saving money .Ansu had difficulty learning English prepositions.— gerund is used after the nun in the following expressions : have difficulty ,have a difficult time, have experience ,have fun ,have a good time, have a hard time , have a problem, have trouble, spend time ,spend money etc.

Ayesha loves giving food to the poor people. My teacher comments saving money. I can’t imagine not helping others. — many words are followed by a gerund.

D.1.1 . Complete each statement by using a gerund ( phrase ) .
Example : Are you lazy about writing essays ?
1. Are you tired of ………………. ?
2. Are you worried about………?
3. Do you ever complain about ……..?
4 . Are you interested in……..?
5. Were you excited about ………?
6 . Did anyone stop you from …….?
Ans .
1 . Are you tired of learning English ?
2 . Are you worried about spending money ?
3. Do you ever complain about your friend’s behaviour ?
4 . Are you interested in seeing movies ?
5. Where you excited about the picnic programme ?
6. Did anyone stop you from going cinema .

E. LET’S TALK Talk about things ( water , electricity , food , time , etc. ) that you waste every day . Suggest ways how you can save them .
Hints : Talk among your friends yourselves .

E COMPOSITION
Q. Our school is celebrating the Environment Day . Prepare a poster showing ‘ Dos ‘ and ‘ Dont’s ‘ for saving our environment .
Ans . Poster : Environment Day
Do’s :-   Start recycling .
Save energy
Save electricity .
Do the reclamation .
Save water ,

Don’t :-   Don’t waste food .
Don’t waste energy
Don’t waste electricity .
Don’t throw away used things .
Don’t throw away the bottles .

G. TRANSLATION
Q. Translate the first stanza of the poem into Hindi .
Hints : See , ‘ Hindi Translation of the Poem ‘ .




H. ACTIVITY .
Think of ways in which you can recycle the newspapers and maga zines and envelopes . Make a list and share with other groups .
Ans . The old newspapers and magazines and envelopes could be reused in making our project works , making paper bags and toys and other drawing items . Think of other ways to reuse them yourselves , discussing with your friends .

Leave a Comment

error: Content is protected !!