bihar board 8 class english book solution
class – 8
subject – english
lesson 15 – THE OUTSIDER
( बाहरी व्यक्ति )
HINDI TRANSLATION OF THE POEM .
I’m handicapped …… and never sigh .
Word meaning : Handicapped ( adp हैन्डीकैप्ड ] = अपंग । Wheelchair ( n ) [ व्हीलचेअर ] = पहियों वाली कुर्सी जो अमूमन अपंगों अथवा मरीजों के लिए उपयोग में आती है । Bound ( adj ) [ बाउन्ड ] = घिरा या घेरा हुआ । Saintly ( adv ) [ सेन्टली ) = साधु समान । Sigh ( v ) [ साई ) = कराहना , दीर्घ श्वांस लेना जैसा दु : ख में कोई करता है ।
हिन्दी अनुवाद –
मैं हूँ एक अपंग , अपने पहिएदार कुर्सी में स्थित
बिना आवाज के खामोशी से बैठे रहने की
मुझसे आशा की जाती है ।
और आशा की जाती है मुझसे कि
सिर्फ मुस्कुराऊ और बाकी दुनिया को
अपनी रफ्तार से जाने दूँ ।
उनसे कोई वास्ता रखे बिना , साधुई पैर्य से ,
और कभी अपनी इस स्थिति पर दुःख भी न जताऊँ ।
Inside my head……… no one bothers .
Word meaning : Thought ( n ) [ थॉट ] = विचार । Idea ( m ) [ आइडिया ] = विचार , कल्पना । Strange ( adj ) [ स्ट्रॅज ] = विचित्र । Bother ( v ) [ चॉदर ] = परवाह करना ।
हिन्दी अनुवाद —
दिमाग में मेरे विचार आते – जाते रहते हैं ,
वे विचार किसी तक कहीं पहुंचना चाहते हैं ।
मेरे ओठों से होते दूसरे व्यक्ति ( यों ) तक
किन्तु लोग अजीब लगते हैं मुझे जो कि
मेरी तनिक भी परवाह नहीं करते ।
My tongue and ……. Ignorance with .
Word meaning : Perform ( v ) [ परफार्म ] = क्रियान्वित ( कार्य ) करना । Igno rance ( m ) [ इग्नोरेन्स ] = अज्ञानता , अनभिज्ञता ।
हिन्दी अनुवाद —
मेरी जीभ , मेरे ओंठ तक मेरा साथ नहीं देते
साधारण – सा काम भी मैं कर नहीं पाता
लेकिन एक दिमाग है पास मेरे
और यह साबित करता है कि मैं हूँ यहाँ पर
मुझे अपनी उपेक्षा का शिकार मत बनाओ ।
Talk though I ……… …….. given to live .
Word meaning : Though ( adv ) [ दो ] = यद्यपि । Include ( v ) [ इन्क्लूड ] = शामिल करना । Share ( v ) [ शेयर ] = बाँटना ।
मुझसे बातें करो भले मैं समझ न पाऊँ
मुझे छुओ , मेरे हाथ पकड़ो
शामिल करो मुझे भी अपने जीवन में
मुझे भी इस जीवन में शामिल होने का
हक दे दो , जो कि मुझे ( जीवन ) दिया गया है ।
The Outsider ‘ it is a compassionate poem . The poem arouse pity in us for a handicapped person . The speaker of this poem is a handicapped person bounded to his wheel chair . Though his limbs not work , his mind and idea and thought exist . And he wants to be touch , in friendly contact to other persons of the world . But the other people ignore him totally . This hurts the handicapped person badly and he sight . He sight to the world and he sight himself .
‘ द आउटसाइडर ‘ ( बाहरी व्यक्ति ) एक कारुणिक कविता है । प्रस्तुत कविता हमारे अन्तस ( हृदय ) में एक अपंग व्यक्ति के प्रति करुणा जगाती है । कविता का वक्ता एक अपंग है जो अपने पहिएदार कुर्सी तक मात्र सीमित है । यद्यपि उसके अंग कार्य नहीं करते , उसका दिमाग , उसके विचार और कल्पनाएँ जीवित हैं और वह दुनिया के अन्य लोगों के सम्पर्क में रहना चाहता है , दूसरों से निम्नवत व्यवहार करना चाहता है । उपेक्षित कर दिया है । यह बात उस अपंग व्यक्ति को पीड़ा पहुँचाती है । बुरी तरह से और वह कराहता है — दुनिया पर और अपने स्वयं के लिए ।
The Physically challenged people are misunderstood by the normal people to such an extent that they consider themselves or are considered even by others as outsiders .
How are the physically or visually challenged persons similar or dis similar to the normal people ? Discuss the differences and similarities .
Raj–The physically or visually persons are similar to us . They are also human beings .
Preeti : Yes , they also live and have right to be in familiar touch to the other people .
Anu : I think they are different to us . Rather dissimilar to us . They have their own world . They can only think but not execute them .
Q. How are these persons generally viwed / treated by the people ?
Ans . Generally these persons are ignored by the people as outsiders .
B. LET’S COMPREHEND
B.1 . THINK AND TELL
B.1.1 . Answer the following questions orally :
Q. 1. Who is the speaker ?
Ans . The speaker is a handicapped person .
Q. 2. What kind of disability do you think he suffers from ? How do you know ?
Ans . The speaker suffers from paralysis . He can’t move his limbs .
Q. 3. How does the speaker want the others to treat him ?
Ans . The speaker wants the others to treat him equally .
Q. 4. How do normal people behave with the speaker ?
Ans . The normal people keep distance with the speaker .
B.1.2 . State whether the following statements are true or false :
1. The speaker is unable to move his limbs .
2. The speaker is mentally challenged . 3. He can perform simple tasks .
4. He desires to be treated equally by others .
Ans . 1. ( T ) . 2. ( F ) , 3. ( F ) , 4. ( T ) .
B.2 . THINK AND WRITE
B.2.1 . Tick the most appropriate answers and give reasons in favour of the options selected :
1. The speaker is expected to
( a ) complain
( b ) share his grief with others
( c ) maintain his silence
2. The speaker is eager to
( a ) have someone to guide him
( b ) express his thoughts and feelings ( c ) dispel his fear of immobility.
3. The speaker is grieved on account of ( a ) the behaviour of others towards him
( b ) his disability
( c ) his inferiority complex.
Ans . I ( C ) , 2. ( b ) , 3. ( a ) .
B.2.2 . Answer the following questions :
Q. 1. What kind of a life does the speaker lead ?
Ans . The speaker leads the life of a handicapped person .
Q. 2. Why does the speaker say : ” I have a mind and I’m still there ? Discuss his state of helplessness .
Ans . The speaker has ideas and thoughts but he can’t express them normally .
Q. 3. Why does he call the normal people ignorant ?
Ans . Normal people don’t bother for him . So he calls them ignorant .
Q.4 . Are different abled people inferior to others ? Give reasons .
Ans . No , they are by no means inferior to others . They possess the basic instincts of the other people . There have been great persons among them such as – Braille , Hellen Keller , Surdas , Sudha , Chandran , etc.
C WORD STUDY
C.1 . Fill in the blanks with suitable words from the box given below :
free , special , ability , feelings ,
unable , person , physical , imagination , beloved .
I am a differently abled …………… I don’t consider myself as ………….. My …….. deformity has not affected my mental …………. Although , I am ………… to move my body , my spirit remains ………… Iexpress my … – … through songs . In my ………….. I travel wherever I want to go . I’m also God’s …………. child .
I am a differently abled person . I don’t consider myself as special My physical deformity has not affected my mental ability . Although , I am unable to move my body , my spirit remains free . I express my feelings through songs . In my imagination . I travel wherever I want to go . I’m also God’s be loved child .
D , RHYME TIME
Read the following lines :
Expected to sit and not make a sound I’m handicapped and wheelchair bound .
The word ” bound ‘ and ‘ sound’end with a similar sound ; therefore they can be called rhyming words . Pick out as many rhyming words from the poem as you can and write them down in the space provided below .
Ans . Rhyming words from the poem are as such —
E. LET’S TALK
Discuss in class .
” Should differently abled persons be treated as equals ? Students should also be encouraged to share their experiences ( if any ) of interacting with such person.
Hints : Discussion the class yourselves .
Write a paragraph on the ‘ Life of a Disabled Person ‘ .
Your paragraph should include the following points :
*nature of disabilities persons suffer from
* what problems they face .
* what support they need .
* how people treat them .
* responsibility of the society towards them .
Ans . ” Life of a Disabled Person ‘
Life of a disabled person is miserable . They suffer from their parts of body . Someone is handicapped by leg , some by hands , some by other parts of the body . They have to face many problems in their day – to – day life . Thy need our emotional support and love . But people treat them as outsiders and ignore them . The responsibility of the society towards them is to accomodate them with the rest part of the world means to the other people .
G. TRANSLATION .
Translate into English :
कल मेरे साथ एक अद्भुत घटना घटी । मैं दफ्तर से लौट रहा था । अपनी बिल्डिंग में पहुँचते ही अँधेरा हो गया । जेनरेटर और लिफ्ट भी काम नहीं कर रहे थे । मैं अँधेरे में किसी तरह से सौढ़ी तक पहुँचा । पहली सीढ़ी पर पैर रखने की कोशिश की , मैं गिर पड़ा । तभी किसी ने मुझे हाथ पकड़कर उठाया । वह अनजान व्यक्ति मुझे सीढ़ियों से हाथ पकड़कर ऊपर ले गया । आठवीं मंजिल पर मेरे फ्लैट के दरवाजे पर पहुंचकर मैंने उसे बारम्बार धन्यवाद दिया । तभी बिजली वापस आ गई । मैंने अपने अनजान मित्र को देखा । वह अंधा था । एक अंधे ने मुझे राह दिखाई थी ।
Ans . I strange thing happened to me yesterday . I was back from my office . Reaching to my building the light went off . The generator and the lift were also not working . I anyhow reached to the stairs in the darkness . Trying to keep my foot on the first stair , I fell down . Then only , someone holded my hand and lifted me . That person , unknown to me , holded my hand and took me up the stairs . On the eight floor , before my flat , I thanked him with my reaching to my float . Suddenly , the light came back . I looked to my unknow friend . He was blind . A blind person had showed me the way .
H.1 . Response session The following questionnaires can be circulated in the class for their responses :
* Do you have any friends with limited eyesight ?
* Can you name any famous people without eyesight ?
*What are the main causes of physical disabilities in India ? .
*What sort of jobs do the people without sight do ?
* What things can the people without sight do better than those with sight ?
* What facilities do our school have for the disables ?
Ans . Responses
( i ) Yes , one of my friends has limited eyesight .
( ii ) Yes , they are – Surdas , Ravindra Jain , Braille , Hellen Keller etc.
( iii ) In India , the unnourished dishes are the main cause of physical dis ability . Falling sick to a severe instrict also cause this in some regard .
( iv ) People without eyesight can sing a song , play music , write and read from the help of Braille system .
( v ) People without eyesight can generally do creative work .
( vi ) My school has separate and comfortable seats for the disable .
H.2.Sensitising students to the visually challenged persons .
Close your eyes with a handekership . Try to walk up to blackboard .
Pick up a chalk and try to draw something on the blackboard . Share your experiences with the class .
Hints : Do this activity yourself .