8th english

bihar board 8th class english notes | I WONDER

 I WONDER ( मुझे आश्चर्य है )

bihar board 8th class english notes

CLASS – 8

SUBJECT – ENGLISH

LESSONS – I WONDER

  I WONDER ( मुझे आश्चर्य है )
(HINDI TRANSLATION OF THE POEM )

     

I wonder why …….. to take rest ?

Word meaning : Wonder ( v ) [ वन्डर ] = आश्चर्य करना । Wind ( n ) [ विन्ड ] = हवा । Build ( v ) [ बिल्ड ] = बनाना ।
अर्थ –      मुझे आश्चर्य है कि घास हरी क्यों है ,
और क्यों हवा दिखती नहीं है ।
किसने पक्षियों को सिखाया घोंसला बनाना ?
और पेड़ों को कहा आराम करने को ?

   O , When the moon ……… blow out .

Word meaning : Quite ( adv ) [ क्वाइट ] = पूरा | Round ( adj ) [ राउन्ड ] = गोल । Missing ( adj ) [ मिसिंग ] = गायब । Bit ( n ) [ बिट ] = टुकड़ा ।

अर्थ– ओह , चाँद जब पूरा गोल नहीं होता
कहाँ जाता है उसका वह टुकड़ा ?
कौन प्रकाशित करता तारों को
जब उनकी चमक बुझ जाती है ।

And makes the……….. if he knows ?

Word meaning : Lightning ( n ) [ लाइटनिंग ] = बिजली । Flash ( ) [ फ्लैश ] = चमकना । Fluffy ( adj ) [ फ्लफी ] = फुज्जीदार , हल्के – फुल्के । Suppose ( ) [ सपोज ] = मानना ।

अर्थ – कौन बिजली को चमकाता है ?
कौन इन्द्रधनुष रंगता आसमान में ?
और हल्के बादलों को टाँगता
है कौन ऊँचे आसमान में ?
ऐसा क्यों लगता है तुम्हें
पापा नहीं बताएँगे मुझे
यदि वे इनका कारण जानते होंगे ?

Summary : ‘ I WONDER ‘ is a wonderful poem . The following poem is based on the queriful mind of a child . The speaker of this poem is a child . He looks around him . And his mind is full of queries . His queries are many . Why the grass is green ? Why the wind is never seen ? There are many such ques tions in his mind . At last , the child assures himself that if his Dad had the answers of his question , he will surely let him know about them .

कविता का सारांश-
‘आई वन्डर ‘ एक आश्चर्यजनक , अनुभूत कविता है । प्रस्तुत कविता एक बालक के कौतूहलपूर्ण मस्तिष्क से सम्बन्धित है । कविता का वक्ता एक बालक है । वह अपने चारों ओर देखता है और उसके मस्तिष्क में कई प्रश्न उमड़ने – घुमड़ने लगते हैं । उसके पास कई प्रश्न हैं । घास हरे रंग की क्यों है ? क्यों हवा दिखती नहीं ? ऐसे ही कई प्रश्न हैं उसके दिमाग में । अंत में , वह बच्चा स्वयं को आश्वस्त भी करता है , यकीन भी दिलाता है कि यदि उसके पिता के पास इन प्रश्नों के उत्तर होंगे , तो वे उसे जरूरी बताएँगे ।

EXERCISE

A  .  WARMER
There are many things that we wonder at . Tell your class some such things that you have often wondered at .
Ans . I often wonder how this world was made . How did our planet come into its existence . How so many creatures were formed . Who made all of us . How is He ?
B.    LET’S COMPREHEND
B.1 . THINK AND TELL
B.1.1 . Answer these questions orally :

Q. 1. What things in the first stanza tell you that the poet is curious ?

Ans . ” The colour of the grass , not seen wind , the making of birds nest and the trees in rest . These are the things in the first stanza that tell us that the poet is curious to know why they are so .

Q.2 . Why do you think the speaker calls the cloud fluffy ?

Ans . The cloud moves in the sky swiftly . So , the speaker calls the cloud fluffy .

Q.3 . Does the wind have any colour ?

Ans . No , wind has no colour .

Q.4 . Do you often ask your father about the things that you wonder at Does he answer your questions ? If he doesn’t , what do you do to satisfy your curiosity ?

Ans . I also ask my father about the things I wonder at . My father answers my questions . If he doesn’t know some question’s answer he tells me to ask it from others . To satisfy my curiosity I ask such questions from my teachers and other elderly persons .

B.1.2 . Based on your reading of the poem say whether the following state . ments are ‘ true ‘ or ‘ false ‘ .

a. The shape of moon is fixed .
b . The birds make their own nests .
c . The rainbow is not always colourful . d . The stars do not give light .
Ans . a . False , b . True , ( c ) False , ( d ) False .

B.2 . THINK AND WRITE

B.2.1 . Think of things and ideas that you associate with rain . Then create a web chart around the word ‘ rain ‘ .

cloud
{      }                     {        }
RAIN
{        }.                  {         }

WATER
{ HAIL }                 { CLOUD }
RAIN
{ POND }            {SEA}

B.2.2 Answer the following questions in not more than 50 words .

Q.1 . Make a list of things that the poet is curious to know about .

Ans . The poet is curious to know about why the grass is green , why the wind is never seen . The poet wants to know . who taught the birds to build a nest . Why the trees take rest . Where goes the missing bit of moon . He also wants to know about the lights of stars , about lightning’s origin . How comes rainbow and the fluffy clouds , up in the sky .

Q.2 . Who do you think is the ‘ T ‘ in the poem- a child or an adult ? Give reasons for your answer .

Ans . I think that , T in the poem is a child . He is not an adult . The questions that rises in his mind are the questions of a child’s curiosity . Adults don’t ever think of such questions . So , I agree to the point that the speaker , T ‘ of the poem is a child .

Q. 3. What opinion do you form about the speaker ?

Ans . In my opinion , the speaker is a child of high mental level . He is intelligent . His mind is full of queries and questions .

Q. 4. What does the question in the end suggest about the spaker’s attitude towards his dad ?

Ans . The question , coming in the end of the poem suggests that the boy is undecisive . He is not sure that his Dad knows the answers of his questions . And even if he knew it , it was doubleful that he would answer to all of his queries .

C. WORD STUDY

C.1.1 . What does the phrasal verb ‘ blow out ‘ mean in the poem ? Look up a dictionary and list the meaning . Note down other meanings of the phrasal verb and use it in your own sentences conveying other meaings .

Ans . ‘ blow out ‘ in the poem means ‘ to extinguish’or to’put out fire ‘ .
Blow out : The fire was blown out by the strong wind . Some other meanings of the phrasal verb conveyed in sentences .
Blow out ( to lose force ) : The fire blew itself out .
Blow out ( to defeat someone easily ) : One can’t blow out my courage . Blowout ( flame put off by wind ) : The candle blew out as he opened the window .

C.1.2 . Look up a dictionary and list other phrasal verb that begin with ‘ blow ‘ , and use them in your own sentences .

Ans . Blow out ( to come out with force ) : With the explosion , the high flames blew out from the gas go down / building .
To blow upon ( to speak ill of ) : It is bad to blow upon your friends .
To blow one’s own trummet ( to praise oneself ) : He is master in blowing his own trumpet .

C.1.3 . Fill in the blanks in the sentences given below with the suitable phrasal verbs .

1.put out : to extinguish
2. call out : to sumon
3. set out : to begin a journey
4. wipe out : to remove

5. give up : to leave

a.The government is ready to ………….. Polio .
b . He ………… for Kolkata with his father
c . ………… a doctor to examine the patient .
d . He had to …………. smoking because he had breathing problem e . ……….. the lantern .

Ans . a . The government is ready to wipe out Polio .
b . He set out for Kolkata with his father .
c . Call out a doctor to examine the patient .
d . He had to give up smoking be cause he had breathing problems .
e . Put out the Pantern .

D. RHYME TIME

      Look at the following pairs of words :
green – seen
nest – rest
These pairs of words , you will notice , end with similar sounds . Such pairs of words that end with a similar sound are called rhyming pairs or words .
Pick out the rhyming pairs from the poem and add one more to each pair . One has been done for you .
green – seen – been
Ans . Rhyming pairs from the poem – Added rhyming words
nest- rest -chest- crest
Round-found -sound -mound
out -about- shout- scout
sky- high- cry -fry
suppose -knows- prose- chose

E. LET’S TALK Discuss the following in groups or pairs and imagine :
If the moon did not appear in sky , what would happen ?
Ans .
Ravi : Without the moon in the sky , the nights will become absolute dark .

Kavita : Its so frightening to think of the nights , without the moon . Then , children can’t be able to play in the night .

Mini : Yes , its great delight to play in the moonlit night .

Anu : People in villages , will badly suffer . They walk far off distances in villages only with the help of moon’s light in the nights .

F. TRANSLATION
    Translate into your mother tongue any one of the stanzas of the poem that you have just read .
Ans . See ‘ Hindi Translation of the poem .

G.  ACTIVITY Find in the grid the words related to weather . Words can appear hori zontally , vertically or diagonally .

One has been done for you .

G T E M P E R A T U R E
D F 0 G J C L 0 U D U R
R P R A I N B O W V M A
Y C L 0 U D Y S I W B I
W E A T H R N N S R N
H O K O R C A O D U E Y
I G H A I L I W Y N L A
L I G H T N I N G N L N
H {F O R E C A S T }Y A I

Ans . Temperature , Cloud , Rainbow , Cloud , Weather , Hail , Lightning , Fore cast , Snow , Wind , Sunny , Umbrella , Rain .

 

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