bihar board 10 english note book
class – 10
subject – english
lesson 6 – KOEL
— Puran Singh
Summary In English : This is a poem written by Puran Singh an India poet. He has addressed this song to the Cuckoo bird which is known as koel in our country. Thought the colour of Cuckoo is totally black. It has a melodious voice which enchants every body. Normally the Cuckoo is seen during spring season when mango fruits starts coming up on the tree and the Cuckoo in its sweet sound welcome the advent of mango on the trees.
The poet addresses the koel and ask — How is it that your wings are charred and back ? Has it been done by one lightengm the sky ? Though you are charred still you look so fresh.
Hiding yourself behind the mango leaves, when you sing from the core of your heart, thousand memories rapper in my heart. How is it that your sweet notes kindles fire in my heart with some sort of pain and restlessness? You see , even the roses are on fire with shining red colour appearing on their body with black marks on them. But still I fail to understand as to how your wings got charred and become black ?
The Cuckoo replies that it was the fire of love in my heart which has charred my wings but that has made me appear new and fresh. The greenery of the garden around excities me more and my heart starts enclosing. Where is my loved one, my Beloved ? The Cuckoo asks the leaves of the tree as to why are you a silent spectator to my agony ?
कविता का सारांश
‘ कोयल’ शीर्षक यह कविता एक भारतीय कवि पूरन सिंह द्वारा लिखी गयी है ।कवि कोयल नामक पक्षी को आधार बनाकर इस कविता की रचना की है। कोयल नामक पक्षी को अंग्रेजी में ‘द ब्लैक कक्कू ‘ के नाम से जाना जाता है। यद्यपि कोयल का शरीर काला होता है लेकिन उसके स्वर में एक अद्भुत मिठास होती है जो सबको आकर्षित करता है। सामान्य तौर पर बसंत के आगमन पर यह पक्षी दिखाई पड़ता है । इस ऋतु में आम के वृक्षों पर मंजर आने लगते हैं और आमों के वन में वृक्षों पर बैठकर वह इस फल के आगमन का स्वागत अपनी मीठी मीठी तान छेड़कर करता है ।
कवि कोयल पक्षी को संबोधित करते हुए उसे कहता है —’ क्या आश्चर्य है कि तुम्हारे पंख कोयल की तरह काले हैं ? ऐसा लगता है कि आकाशीय विद्युत की तेज जल्दी रोशनी एक एवं ताप से यह पंख काले पड़ गए हैं। यद्यपि तुम काले हो पर कितनी सुंदर और ताजा दिख पड़ती हो ।
आम के वृक्षों के पत्तों के पीछे छुप कर जब तुम्हारा कोयल स्वर मुखरित होकर कानों में पड़ते हैं तो हजारों समितियाँ फिर से जाग उठती है। वह स्मृतियाँ तुम्हारे स्वर के सहयोग से में ह्रदय में दर्द और ‘टीस ‘ पैदा करती हैं। मैं उसे सुनकर विचलित हो उठता हूँ। देखो !गुलाब के फूल भी तुम्हारी आवाज सुनकर रक्तताभ (रक्त का रंग ) हो उठते हैं जिन्हें केवल हवा और पानी का ही सहयोग मिलता है। इस लाली का रसास्वादन केवल वायु और जल को ही नसीब होता है । तुम्हारी दर्द भरी आवाज सुनकर आम का शरीर भी कहीं-कहीं काला पड़ जाता है और उन पर काले धब्बे दिखाई देने लगते हैं। पर मैं समझ नहीं पाती कि तुम्हारे पंख काले क्यों हो गये ?
कोयल अपने दर्द की दास्तान बयान करते हुए कहती है कि— प्रेम की जलन में उसके पंख काले पड़ गये। लेकिन इस ताप ने मुझे एक नया स्वरूप भी प्रदान किया ।इस रूप में ताजगी है और आकर्षण भी । मैं अपने प्रियतम से मिलने का व्याकुल हूँ। जैसे ही आम के वृक्षों पर मंजर लग जाते हैं, मेरे अंदर एक (दिल की) आग प्रज्वलित हो उठती है। चारों दिशाओं में फैली हरियाली मुझे और आंदोलित करती है और मेरे हृदय में एक ‘हुक’ उठती है जो एक तड़फ में परिणत होकर ‘पी कहाँ?’ पी कहाँ ? की रट लगाने लगती है ।फिर कोयल उस डाल के पत्तों से पूछ बैठती है— मूक दर्शक क्यों बने हो ,क्यों मेरे दर्द की पीड़ा का अहसास तुम्हें नहीं होता?
GLOSSARY AND NOTES
Lighting (noun): आकाशीय विद्दुत की तेज रोशनी।
Charred (verb): जलकर कोयला बन जाना। Counceal (verb): छिपाना । Strain (noun): अति श्रम । Shed (verb): फेंकना । Thy (pronoun ): तुम्हारा । Art (verb): are या है । Thou (pronoun): तुम । Singest (verb): गाना ।
A. Work in small group and answer the questions briefly :
Q.1. Which is your favourite bird ? Why do you like it for its colour, melodious voice, beautiful appearance, usefulness etc ?
Ans. My favourite bird’s is a parrot. Its light green colour with a red band on the neck, its melodious voice and a beautiful look with long tail attract us. Its is a pet bird and nicely adjusts in the domestic environment. It very quickly picks up friendship with the children of the house. There are so many varieties of parrot — they pick up human’s voice and repeats the words so clearly.
B.1 Write ‘ T ‘ for true : ‘ F ‘ for false statement.
1. Koel is called the black Cuckoo. [T]
2. Koel sings in the apple leaves. [ F]
3. The song of Cuckoo brings a thousand memories. [ T]
4. The poet doesn’t become restless to hear its voice. [F]
5. The ‘ wings ‘ means your ‘ wings ‘. [ T]
B.2. Answer the following questions very briefly :
Q.1. Who wrote the poem Koel ?
Ans. The writer of the poem is Puran Singh.
Q.2. What do you write for ” thy” and “art” prose.
Ans. For ” Thy” we write yours and for ” Art” we write ‘are’.
Q.3. What makes thousand memories in heart ?
Ans. The high pitched note of the song of Cuckoo wakes of thousands memories in the heart.
Q.4. What makes thousand memories in heart ?
Ans. The shades of mangoes burn and there are black spots on the surfaces of the mangoes.
Q.5. ” O little Bird ” why capital ‘ B’ has been used here ?
Ans. Because the whole phrase has been used for Koel or the Cuckoo which is a hame of birds and is proper noun.
B.3. Answer the following questions very briefly :
Q.1. What charred the charred the wings of the Koal.
Ans. The fire of love has charred the wings of the Koel.
Q.2. Why is koel restless ?
Ans. The koel is restless in search of her Beloved. She cries ” where is my Beloved?”
Q.3. What fires the koel ?
Ans. The sight of mango blossous fires the koel.
Q.4. What burns her heart ?
Ans. The greener the garden, the brighter burns the heart of the Cuckoo.
Q.5. What does the flaming soul of the Koel ask ?
Ans. The flaming soul of the koel asks. ” Where ? Where’s my Beloved ?’
C.1. Long Answer Questions :
Q.1. In response of the speakers questions. ” What signed they wings ?” The koel replies.” The fire of love has charred my wings.” What does the Koel’s answer suggest ? Can love burn like fire? Is this burning a positive thing or a negative one . Explain .
Ans. This is the poetic way of saying a thing. Actually the Koel is in search of her partner. Both have been separated and the ‘ she Cuckoo’ is unable to bear the separation of her beloved and this has ignited sensation of fire in her heart. It is feeling inside which is expressed or is being expressed through the use of this word where .
Q.2. Why does the poet call the Koel ” a rain of spark” ? Explain.
Ans. The poet call the Koel ” a rain of spark” because her spark shedding notes go kindling fire, than roses are on fire and because her spark shedding notes go kindling fire , than roses are on fire and because the mangoes get bum marks and then again the fire of love got ignited and thus charred her wings.
Q.3. Why is the Koel restless ? Is she able to win over her restlessness ? It no, why ?
Ans. The felling of restlessness of the koel is the felling of an estranged lady . This is a symbolic felling of a ‘ Naejika ‘ or a lady in love. There is no question of winning or losing. Hence in expression in a poetic composition will remain undying. The felling would be everlasting and universal of the same time.
Q.4. Why is a Koel praised ? How do you feel when you hear its voice ?
Ans. There is an expression of pathos in its voice. It sounds that the or she something out of his life and the bird is trying to convey its inner feeling to every body who listen to her voice.
A man tries to align his own pathos with that of the bird or with any living body that is the reason that koel is praised.
Q.5. Do you think that the koel symbolises true love ?
Ans. The features of koel expressed only a part of ture love, that is sufferine but true love combines many things which also includes the ultimate sacrifice in love. The Koel’s episode doesn’t go up to that extent hence the symbol of love can’t be assigned here.
C.2. Group Discussion :
Discuss the following in a group or pairs :
Q.1. Nature always smooths our agrived soul.
Ans. Points for Discussion :
(a) The role of nature in human life.
(b) How for nature helps in the growth of human’s body and mind. How and when it has soothing effect.
(c) Is nature only soothing or it is both ?
The fury of cyclone , earthquake, flood , snow fall and turential rain.
(d) Similarly the flowers ,the fruits on the trees, the water fall coming down from the hill, the natural beauty around sooths our mind and has some healing effect on body.
C.3. Composition :
Q.1. Write a paragraph in about 100 words each.
(i) A caged bird find it difficult to sing.
Ans. (i) A caged bird find it difficult to sing.
A caged bird is a soul living in sachunsion. It is deprived of companion. It is deprived of nature’s beauty and environment and so has no pleasure to express its joy and happiness. A parrot when domesticated and kept in a cage sings beautifully.
(ii) The Cuckoo’s voice. The Cuckoo has a melodious and sweet voice which has the power of attracting each and every individual. It said that the voice of Cuckoo represents the pathos of the heart. Pathos represents the sadness inside ones heart and it generally said that when a beloved experienced the separation of her loved one she finds resemblance of her sorrow in the sound of Cuckoo.
Q.2. Write a latter to a friend describing how a koel thought black in appearance stand for the sweetness of the soul.
How are you ? Hope this will find you in good spirit and health. I am writing this to you to express my feeling regarding the sweet bird ‘ Koel’ which is know as black Cuckoo in English. It is ture that a Cuckoo is misunderstood as a a crow in look with slight difference of colour but the voice of a crow and Cuckoo are just reverse of each other. The voice of a crow is harsh with unmelodious sound, the sound of koel is sweet, soothing and attractive. The sound of Cuckoo perhaps reflects her sweet heart. She has a soft heart which attracts.
Write to me about your view of the black bird.
D. Word Study :
D.1. Dictionary Use :
Look up a dictionary and write two meanings of the following words : the one in which it is used in the lesson and the other which is more common.
1. Kindling = To set on fire= To provoke [उत्तेजित करना ]
2. Spark = Fiery= Generating light
3. Strain = Note of songs = Exertion [थकावट ]
4. Flame = Blaze = To be in raze [ क्रुद्ध होना ]
5. Cher = Burnt = Blackened.
6. Wing = Feather of bird = side of a stage.
D.2. What words do you use for thy, thou, thee, singest and art in modern English ?
Thy [Pronoun ]= your = तुम्हरा। Thou [ Pronoun ] = you = तुम। Thee [ Adj.]= Thou = तुझको , तुझे। Art [verb] = Are = है।
D.3. Write the synonyms of the following words :
Keep = To have Little = Small
Speak = To express, to utter
Conceal = To hide
Freedom = Liberty
Sight = View
E. Activity :
Do a project on five singing birds which are found in your locality.
Ans. To be organized by the class teacher assigning work to each individual student.
F. Translate Part I of Koel in Hindi or any other languages that you know.
Ans. For Hindi translation of part I please see the Hindi summary given earlier after English gist of the poem