9th english

class 9th englis poem | BLOW, BLOW, THOU WINTER WIND

BLOW, BLOW, THOU WINTER WIND

class 9th englis poem

class – 9

subject – english

lesson 3 – poem – BLOW, BLOW, THOU WINTER WIND

BLOW, BLOW, THOU WINTER WIND
— William Shakespeare

About the poet : 1. shakespeare was born on 23rd April 1564in Stratford_on- Avon, a place in England. His father was a glove maker and Shakespeare was the third child of his parents out of eight. He did not have much formal education. At the age of eighteen he married Anne hathway and moved to London after sometime.
2. In London he joined theatre as an actor but soon turned himself into a playwright (नाटक लेखक ). The elite class writers of English of that time did not welcome shakespeare in their group. They did not like to be compared with shakespeare who came from a rural, rustic background and had litter formal education. But shakeare did not take their criticism seriously and went on doing his work of writing and acting.
3. He wrote 154 sonnets. They have three stanzas of four lines each. At the end it closes with a couplet. His first anarrative poem was Venus and Adonis,Rape of  Lucree made him famous as a poet. Some of his sonnets are addressed to an attractive young man, The earl of southamton.  The other sonnets are  written in favour of a mysterious dark lady. Actually shakespeare became Famous as a  playwright. His tragedies are recognised as best creations of  English literature. They include hamlet [1602], Othello [1604],king Lear [1605] and  macbeth [1606].
4. This poem ‘ Blow, Blow, Thou winter wind’ depicts the ingratitude of man. The cold winter wind bites but does not cause so much as a man’s  ingratitude. The feeling of the poet has been nicely depicted through different lines of the poem. This poem has been take form his ‘As You Like it’.

         SUMMARY IN ENGLISH

1.  The poet addresses the winter wind which is biting , and piercing through this poem and says that man’s ingratitude is more painful than the bite of cold winter wind. The biting tooth of winter wind cannot be seen though the wind ‘s breath is so harsh and rude. Still one can tolerate this rudeness in comparison to the ingratitude of mankind.
2. Through rythymic words ‘Heigh ho !sing ‘the poet addresses winter wind to sing in praise of an evergreen shrub which has pricley (कांटेदार) leaves. Because the poet feels that most of the man’s friendship are false pretence (छलावा , दिखावा) and it would be folly to go for such friendship.
3. The winter wind warps (twists) the water in its body which freezes and makes it more biting changing its look totally deceptive but still it is not so  unkind and biting as the ingratitude of man who just forget all the good done to them.
So the poet says – ‘most friendship is feigning , most loving mere folly. At last the poet says that inspite of all these adversaries in man ,s life this world is full of joy.

           SUMMARY IN HINDI

कवि के बारे में :
1. ‘ ब्लो ब्लो दाऊ विन्टर विन्ड ‘ इस कविता के रचयिता विलियम शेक्सपीयर का जन्म इंग्लैंड के स्टैटफोड – आॅन- एवन नामक स्थान में हुआ था। उनके जन्म की तारीख 23अप्रिल, 1564अंकित है। उनके पिता दास्ताना बनाने का काम करते थे। शेक्सपीयर को अत्यधिक औपचारिक शिक्षा नहीं मिली थी। अठारह वर्ष की आयु में उन्होंने अन्ने हैथवे नामक महिला से विवाह किया और लन्दन इ गये।
2. लन्दन आने के बाद  शेक्सपीयर कलाकार के रूप में रंगमंच से जुड़ गये और बाद में नाटक लेखक के रूप में अपने को परिवर्तित एवं स्थापित किया। चूँकि शेक्सपीयर एक ग्रामीण परिवेश से आते थे और उनके पास बहुत अधिक औपचारिक शिक्षा नहीं थी अतः वे  उनको अपने समकक्ष मानना या रखना उनको स्वीकार नहीं था। पर शेक्सपीयर ने उनकी आलोचना पर बहुत ध्यान नहीं दिया और नाट्य अभिनय से अपने को जोड़े रखा।
3. शेक्सपीयर ने नाटकों के अतिरिक्त 154 गीतिकायें ( सोनेट ) लिखीं । एक सोनेट में कुल चौदह पंक्तियों होती हैं जो तीन, चार- चार
पंक्तियों के छंद में विभाजित होती हैं। इसका अन्त एक दोहे से होता है। इस प्रकार एक सोनेट में कुल चौदह पंक्तियों का समावेश होता है। शेक्सपीयर की सबसे पहली वर्णनात्मक कविता का नाम था ‘ वेनस और एडोनिस ‘। ‘ रेप आॅफ लुफ्री ‘ शीर्षक कविता ने शेक्सपीयर को कवि के रूप में प्रसिद्ध दिलायी और उन्हें कवि के रूप में स्थापित कर दिया। उनके द्वारा लिखित कुछ गीतिकायें ‘ द अल आॅफ साउथम्पटन’ नामक एक खूबसूरत युवा के नाम  सम्बोधित है। कुछ अन्य गीतिकायें  एक रहस्यपूर्ण काली युवती के लिये लिखी गयी हैं। शेक्सपीयर की ख्याति एक नाटककार के रूप में अत्यधिक हुई और उनके द्वारा रचित दुखान्त नाटक अंग्रेजी साहित्य की धरोहर माने जाते हैं। उनकी गणना अंग्रेजी साहित्य की सर्वश्रेष्ठ कृतियों में की जाती है। ‘ आॅथेलो ‘ 1604 में लिख गया। ‘किंग लियर’ का आगमन 1605 में हुआ और ‘ मैकबेथ ‘ का प्रकाशन काल 1606 माना जाता है।
4. ‘ ब्लो, ब्लो दाऊ विन्टर विण्ड’ शीर्षक यह कविता शीतकालीन हवा को सम्बोधित कर लिखी गयी है जिसमें कवि ने मनुष्य की अनुदार, कृत्ध्न प्रकृति को शीतकालीन हवा से ज्यादा कष्टदायक माना है। शीतल वायु से उत्पन्न पीड़ा शरीर और प्राण को उतनी तकलीफ नहीं पहुँचाती जितना मनुष्य का किये गये अहसानों का भूल जाना। यह कविता कवि की नाट्यकृति ‘ ऐज यू लाइफ ईंट ‘ शीर्षक उनकी नाट्यकृति से ली गयी है।

कविता का सारांश :
1. कवि कहता है कि ” ऐ शीतकाल की ठंडी हवा बहती रहो – बहती रहो।” तुम्हारे द्वारा दिया कष्ट उतना असहनीय नहीं है जितना मनुष्य की कृतध्नता। तुम्हारे तीखे दाँत दिखायी नहीं देते यद्यपि तुम्हारे वायुवेग में एक प्रकार की कठोरता और रूक्षता हम सहन कर लेती हैं पर मनुष्य का, खासकर मित्रों का किये गये अहसानों का भूल जाना कितना कष्टदायी है।
2. कवि कहता है — जीवन सुखदायी है और खुशियाँ ही इस जीवन का आधार हैं पर आदमी अपनी क्रूर प्रकृति के कारण इसे समझ नहीं पाता । हे ! हो – से ! हो की गेयता के माध्यम से जीवन का स्वागत करो और हाॅली नामक पौधे को याद करो जिनके पते कांटेदार होते हैं पर वह शीतल वायु के झोंके को भी हँसकर स्वीकार करता। कवि के अनुसार ज्यादातर मित्रता छलावा और दिखावा होता है और इस कटुता से अच्छा है शरद् ऋतु की बफीली हवा।
3. शरद की हवा बर्फ से अपने तन को ढँक लेती है और उसको पहचान पाना भी कठिन होता है पर उसकी दृष्टि भी इतनी छलावा लिये नहीं होती जितनी मित्रों का एहसान फरामोश होना। उनकी कृतध्नता घातक होती है। दोस्ती को भूल जाना कितना कष्टदायक है।
इस कविता के माध्यम से कवि जीवन की गूढ़ गुत्थियों को सुलझाता और खोलता है।

              Glossary : शब्दावली
Ingratitude (n): कृतध्नता। Keen(n): नुकीला। Breath (n): सांस की गति।  Rude (adj.)  निर्दय। Heigh-ho (n): संगीत का टेक या दमदारी। Holly (n): एक झाड़ी।   Feigning (n): छलावा। Jolly (adj.) प्रसन्नता का भाव।  Bitter (adj.) : कटु अनुभव।   High (adj.): पास का। Folly : मूर्खता ।

         SUMMARY IN ENGLISH

1.  The poet addresses the winter wind which is biting , and piercing through this poem and says that man’s ingratitude is more painful than the bite of cold winter wind. The biting tooth of winter wind cannot be seen though the wind ‘s breath is so harsh and rude. Still one can tolerate this rudeness in comparison to the ingratitude of mankind.
2. Through rythymic words ‘Heigh ho !sing ‘the poet addresses winter wind to sing in praise of an evergreen shrub which has pricley (कांटेदार) leaves. Because the poet feels that most of the man’s friendship are false pretence (छलावा , दिखावा) and it would be folly to go for such friendship.
3. The winter wind warps (twists) the water in its body which freezes and makes it more biting changing its look totally deceptive but still it is not so  unkind and biting as the ingratitude of man who just forget all the good done to them.
So the poet says – ‘most friendship is feigning , most loving mere folly. At last the poet says that inspite of all these adversaries in man ,s life this world is full of joy.

      SHORT ANSWER TYPE
      QUESTIONS
A. Answer the following questions :
1.  Why do we wear wooden clothes in winter.
Ans. Woolen clothes saves us from biting cold in winter.
2. How much do you like season ?
Ans. This season is good only for the person who are rich and who have resources to keep themselves warm. For the poor people with average income, it is painful.
3. Which is your favourite season ?
Ans. The spring season is my favourite season. The climate is temperate (moderate ) and is manageable for all.
B.  Answer the following questions very briefly :
1. Blowing of wind is a natural phenomena. So there is nothing unnatural in asking the wind to blow. Blowing of wind is a part of life.
2. Why does the poet call the writer wind not so unkind as man’s ingratitude ?
Ans. This is because the ingratitude of man pierces (bites) more than the winter wind.
3. What makes the poet say ‘Thy tooth is not so keen’ ?
Ans. It is well known a fact that the function of tooth is to bite but the bite of ingratitude of man affects more to the heart and soul than the nature’s biting wind.
4.  Explain the mood of the poet when he says Heigh ho ! Sing heigh ho ! unto the green Holly.
Ans. The poet developed positive outlook and says that let the wind blow upto the green holly. Through musical notes he appeals to the  wind to embress the nature which is full of thorn but is not unkind as man.
5. Explain the use of the word ‘ Warp ‘ [ नाव खींचने की रस्सी ] in the second stanza.
Ans. The winter wind warps water to make it freeze in winter this but still it carries the watery substance till the end. This makes the end will not stand any where near the forgotten gratitude of man.
6. How is nature not cruel as men ?
Ans. The cruelty of nature passes out quickly whereas the man’s ingratitude is everlasting.

     LONG ANSWER QUESTIONS
1. The speaker’s tragic mood is very pronounced in the poem. Elaborate.
Ans. The unkind, unfaithful nature of man has highly disturbed the mind of the poet. The tragedy starts when the love is denied or where the gratitude of man is not responded well. The poet has tried to express his tragic felling in this poem.
2. What does the poet mean to say” Most friendship is feigning, most loving were folly”. Explain.
Ans. Here again the poet express feeling regarding the false friendship of man. The love is deceptive and it is just befooling them who feels love is genuine.
3. Why and how is the service winter kinder than an ungrateful person ?
Ans. It is kinder because the winter cold bite only during the season whereas the ungrateful person is ungrateful forever. He never mends his ways.
4. Describe how the poet has conveyed the feeling of an afflicted man.
Ans. When one is cheated in love and friendliness the pain goes deeper in man’s heart. The distress in such case are not healed. It becomes ever lasting and this poet which he has expressed through this poem.
5. Summarize the poem in about 100 words.
Ans. See the summary given in the beginning.
C.2. Group Discussion :
C.2.1. Gratitude is mark of civility.
Points : 1. Civility is a mark of civilized society.
2. Society expects better mannerly behaviour from tha citizen.
3. Kindness gratitude politeness, love, truthfulness are always needed to develop a good personality in a civilized society.
C.2.2. Everything is fair in love and war.
Points : It is a popular saying that love and war are supposed to be won. It does not accept defeat. The method of winning a war and love may be wrong but he who wins is decorated as winner. Everything is well, that ends well may be war or love. One has to decide the course applied.

               COMPOSITION
C.3. Write a paragraph in about 100 about on each of the following :
   1. A friend in need is friend indeed.
Ans. Man is a social animal and family and friend is an integral part of Social set up. Family is created for secured living of the family members. Similarly friends are made to help you at time of need. Good friends are found to be helpful at the time you need his help. But there are certain friends who are selfish. They fly away when you really need their help. But there are certain friends who are selfish. They fly away when you really need their help. Thus you feel cheated. So it is said that it is better to have an enemy than to have a bad friend. A friend who comes to your rescue at the time of need is your ture friend.
2. A cold winter morning
Ans. A cold winter morning is a morning when all the of us do not want to come out of the quilt. The sun also rises late in the morning, making it more difficult to leave the bed in the morning time. You are afraid of taking bath in the morning with cold water and if you are asked by mumy to be ready for the school, you feel that you are being punished. You feel hesitate to go to school but you are left with no choice of your own.
But when the sun is out in the sky you start feeling better and then the life moves on the road, in the  market, in the school and at all the places.
D.1. correct the spelling of the following words :
Ungratitude              Ingratitude
Breeth                         Breath
Fiegninh                   Feigning
Frease                       Freeze
D.1.2. What words do you use ‘thou’, ‘dost’, thu, and art in modern English :
Old English           Modern English
Thou                         you
They                         your
Dost                           Do
Art                             Be
D.1.3. Use the following words both as Nouns and verb in meaningful sentences bringing out the different in their meaning :
1. Blow(v): Cold wind is blowing.
Blow (n): That was a big blow for the them.
2. Sting (v): Do you Sting him everytime.
The sting of a bee is painful.
3. Man(v): He manned the whole show.
Man (v): A man should be kind.
D.2. Word Formation :
Forgot is the past form of forget. Other derived are :
Forgot      forgets   forgetting   forget  forgotten  forgetful forgetfulness      forgettable
Now Write as many words derived from the following verbs in the same way :
(i) Hope : Hopes, Hoping, Hopeful, Hopeless , Hoped, Hopelessness.
(ii) Thanks : Thanks,Thankful, Thankless, Thanklessness.
(iii) Sing : Singer, Singing , sang ,song.
D.3. Word meaning :
Find from the lesson words the meaning of which have been given in Column A. The last part of each word is given in Column B. :
1. Unthankfulness — Ingratitude
2. Affection,           —     Feigning
3. Jovial,                 —    Jobly
4. An evergreen shrub with prickly leaves                      — Holly
5. Impolite, Uncivilzed — Rude
6. Full of affection      — Bitter
7. Sharp, penetrating  — keen.
D.3.2. Complete the following with appropriate from of the word given in the brackets :
1. His love for the arts is worth appreciating.
2. I have a friendly relationship with my subordinates.
3. He is watering his plants.
4. He feigned illness and did not go to school.
5. Many boyare bitten by stray dogs in my school locality everyday.
6. If the temperature drops low water freezes.
7. Even in summer there are some areas in Kashmir where it is Bitter cold.
8. There are many programs launched by the Teta stell for benefit of its exployees.
9. I am unable to understand why you showed rudeness to me.
10. His lovely nature impressed everybody.
D.3.3. ‘ Ship’ is the suffix in friendship. Write five more word in which ‘ Ship’ has been used as suffix and use them in sentence of your own.
1. Relationship : We should have good relationship with days.
2. Partnership: You can carry your business in partnership.
3. Worship : Worship of God is good to us.
4. Hardship : He is facing hardship these days.
5. Ownership: The Ownership of this company has recently changed.
6. Fellowship : We should have fellowship In Our community.

                  GRAMMAR
Give different forms of the given verbs like.
Freeze     froze    frozen     freezing
Rise          rose     rizen         rising
Sing.        Sang     sung       singing
See          saw       seen       seeing
Grow       grew      grown   growing
Flow     flowed      flowed   flowing
Bind      bent          bent     bending
Have      had          had       having
F.   Activity :
1. Write a report on the suffering caused by winter in a jungle.
Ans. The winter month brings have in the jungle. The trees shed their leaves. The winter wind destroyed the neats of the birds. They fly out towards the hills to protect their lives making their abode in the slopings  of the rocks. The animals also leave their place and try to hide themselves in safer places where they can get some food. The people living inside jungles cut trees to make fire so that they can protect themselves. The winter really causes hardship to flower and fauna.
G.    Translation
Translate the poem into Hindi :
1. ऐ शीतकालीन हवा ! तुम बहो, तुम बहो
तुममें वह निर्ममता नहीं
जैसी – मनुष्य की कृतध्नता में है।
तुम्हारे दाँत उतने तीखे नहीं
क्योंकि वे दिखाई नहीं देते हैं।
यद्यपि तुम्हारी साँसो में एक रूखापन है।
2. हे- हो, हे हो की लय में तुम गाओ।
इस कंटीली झाड़ियों के बीच तुम्हारा संगीत
गूंजे, क्योंकि
अधिकांश मित्रता में धूर्तता की गंध है
और अधिकांश प्यार मात्र छलावा है।
3. ऐ सर्द से बोझिल आकांशा! तुम जम
जाओ
तुम्हरा काटना उतना दर्दनाक नहीं होता
जितना मनुष्य द्वारा  भुलाया गया उपकार
यद्यपि तुम शीतलता अपने में लपेटे रहते
हो
पर तुम्हरा देश उतना दुखदायी नहीं होता
जितना मित्रों द्वारा भुला दिया जाना, उनके
द्वारा बिस्मृत किया जाना।
4.  इन विषमताओं के बीच भी जीवन आनंद
की सृष्टि करता है—
अतः इस कंटीली झाड़ियों के बीच भी
गाओ
और जीवन को संगीतमय बनाओ।
[ हिंदी अनुवाद : विश्वनाथ पाण्डेय]

 

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